Submission Guidelines

Citations and references

All citations in the text should refer to:

  1. Single author: the author's name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
  2. Two authors: both authors' names separated by "&" and the year of publication;
  3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al." and the year of publication.
  4. Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first chronologically, then alphabetically.

References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication.

The name of the journals should not be abbreviated. Include the journal full name in italics. Format for volume, issue and pages is VV(ii):pp-pp (without spaces).

Journal Articles with DOI: Dias, J.A.; Boski, T.; Rodrigues, A.; Magalhães, F. (2000) - Coast line Evolution in Portugal since the Last Glacial Maximum until Present - A Synthesis. Marine Geology, 170(1-2):177-186. DOI: 10.1016/S0025-3227(00)00073-6

Journal Articles without DOI: Silva, J.S.; Costa, M. (2009) - Fisheries in Protected and Non-Protected areas: is it different? The case of Anomalocardia brasiliana at tropical estuaries of Northeast Brazil. Journal of Coastal Research (ISSN: 0749-0258), SI56:1454-1458, Lisboa, Portugal. Available on-line at

Books and Monographs: Bruun, P.; Gerritsen, F. (1960) - Stability of Coastal Inlets. 123p., North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, Netherlands. ISBN: 978-0720416015.

e-books: Dias, J.A. (2004) - A Conquista do Planeta Azul: o início do reconhecimento do oceano e do mundo. Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal. /JAD/e_b_CPAzul.html.

Book Chapters: Widmer, W.M. (2003) - Recreational boats and submerged marine debris in Sydney Harbour, Australia. In: Narendra K. Saxena (org.), Recent Advances in Marine Science and Technology, pp.565-575, PACON International, Honolulu, HI, USA. ISBN: 978-0963434357. Available on-line at

Dissertations: Polette, M. (1997) - Gerenciamento costeiro integrado: Proposta metodológica para a paisagem da microbacia de Mariscal - Bombinhas (SC). 499p., Dissertação de Doutorado, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianololis, SC, Brasil. Unpublished.

Unpublished reports: Costa, C.L. (1994) - Final report of sub-project A "Wind wave climatology of the Portuguese Coast". Instituto Hidrográfico/LNEC, Report 6/94-A, 80p., Lisboa, Portugal. Unpublished.

Internet - reports (e-reports): Rodrigues, R.; Brandão, C.; Costa, J.P. (2004) - A Cheia de 24 de Fevereiro de 2004 no Rio Ardila. 11p., Ministério das Cidades, Ordenamento do Território e Ambiente, Instituto da Água, Lisboa, Portugal.

Internet - reports with unidentified author (web sites): Instituto de Meteorologia (s/d) - Extremos Climatológicos. Instituto de Meteorologia, Lisboa, Portugal. In:


Article types

Preparing a manuscript for submission

Cover letter